bbc queen elizabeth
Most read in Royal. The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. Â Â© A new era was dawning, the age of Elizabeth I. She had married Darnley whose lineage could be traced back to Henry VII, creating an even stronger claim. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in 1588 and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death. She was a shrewd and intelligent woman who was fluent in six languages. Brendan was warned by the BBC â¦ Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. The Scots regarded this with some suspicion and John Knox stirred up anti-Catholic feeling against her. Read more. Elizabeth, the last Tudor monarch, was born in Greenwich on 7 September 1533. He wanted to impress the Queen and, in the summer of 1575, threw a party at Kenilworth Castle which no one could forget. A mysterious image of a coiled snake has appeared in a 16th century painting of Queen Elizabeth I, the National Portrait Gallery has said. The years passed until in 1566 Parliament refused to grant Elizabeth any further funds until the matter was settled. In November 1558, after the death of Mary I, Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. She landed on English soil ready to meet her fellow Queen. Ministers often dealt with matters without consulting her, and she became paranoid about the threat of assassination. In March 1566 Darnley and his accomplices burst in on Mary at Holyroodhouse and stabbed Riccio to death. But there was no announcement, no wedding bells. Queen Elizabeth II Prince Andrew BBC Newsnight Royal Family. Image: Queen Elizabeth I by George Gower (Getty Images). In 1569 the Northern Uprising failed when the Catholic Earls, marching southwards, discovered that Mary had quickly been moved from Tutbury to Coventry and their plans to rescue her were thwarted. He set out to nail Mary and, in 1586, his moment came. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. Her ministers knew and Elizabeth certainly knew. With Francis Walsingham’s help, Elizabeth imprisoned Mary and kept her under constant surveillance for 19 years. Children would secure the line of succession. As soon as her Council had been appointed, Elizabeth made religion her priority. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded.'. But Elizabeth was careful not to erase all traces of Catholic worship and retained, for example, the traditions of candlesticks, crucifixes and clerical robes. Mary had grown close to the ruthless Earl of Bothwell and rumour soon spread that Bothwell and Mary had been responsible for the murder, particularly following their hasty marriage a few weeks later. The welfare of the country was her priority, not marriage. Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any king before her but at the same time she was vain, sentimental and easily swayed by flattery. On the contrary she thrived on the adoration of her ministers and knew that flirtation was often the easiest way to get things done. Mary went to live at the French court and at the age of fifteen married Francis, heir to the French throne. On 17 November 1558 it is said that Princess Elizabeth was sitting under an oak tree at Hatfield House when a horseman appeared with the news that would change her life forever. Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. Problem solved. He wanted to impress the Queen... No matter that the entertainment at Kenilworth practically bankrupted him. The wedding was attended by the Queen, the Princessâs grandfather Prince Philip, her father Prince Andrew, and mother Sarah, Duchess of York, Buckingham Palace confirmed to the BBC.. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Were women fit to rule the country? Some see Elizabeth’s 45 year reign as a golden age of English history. Princess Elizabeth has formally proclaimed herself Queen and Head of the Commonwealth and Defender of the Faith. The 1590s proved a difficult decade for Elizabeth. The Tudor queen was depicted with the snake clasped in her fingers in an original version of the work, but it was replaced with a bunch of roses. Elizabeth was taught the art of public speaking, unheard of for women at the time. The Queen asserted her virginity throughout her life, but was also an attractive woman who thrived on male attention. Elizabeth remains a threat in her childless Catholic sister's eyes. Elizabeth was briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1554 following a failed rebellion, of which she claimed no knowledge. But the two Queens never met. When Elizabeth Tudor comes to the throne, her (male) advisers know she has to marry. As she had feared, Catholic Europe reacted swiftly to the news and the Pope urged Philip of Spain to invade England. Her most trusted ministers, including Burghley and Walsingham, passed away. The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. Elizabeth R is a 1992 television documentary film about Queen Elizabeth II.It was produced by the BBC and directed by Edward Mirzoeff.It was the first officially approved documentary about the British monarchy since Royal Family (1969). But she was not allowed a lawyer and, attempting to defend herself, was not even permitted to consult her own papers. The reign of Elizabeth I is often thought of as a Golden Age. But their intimacy alarmed the other ministers. As time passed it became clear to Mary that her husband was, in fact, an arrogant bully with a drinking problem. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. The monarchâs pre-recorded address will be broadcast on the BBC â¦ 'This I account the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves,' she said in her Golden Speech of 1601. She is Assistant Producer on Simon Schama's A History of Britain, specialising in the reign of Elizabeth I for the programme entitled The Body of the Queen. The entertainment lasted several days with fine banquets, jousting and spectacular firework displays. She had a formidable intellect, and her sharp tongue would quickly settle any argument - in her favour. Prince Charles delivers âheartfeltâ speech at The Royal Variety show after family reunion. David Dimbleby remarked on the "lonely" Queen as he presented the Remembrance Sunday service on the BBC. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. Another 2.5 million watched the â¦ But neither proposal led to marriage. She was a prisoner. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. She knew the political implications of remaining unmarried but effectively banned further discussion. The crown passed to the Protestant King James VI of Scotland who became King James I of England. She learnt how to turn the tide of opinion in her favour, and this became one of her most effective weapons. The Tower of London Despite pressure from her advisers, particularly Lord Burghley, Elizabeth always refused to marry and provide an heir. Prince Philip, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, Queen Elizabeth, Prince Andrew, and Prince Charles in Windsor in 1968, the year filming began on â¦ She wept for days. Clever, enigmatic and flirtatious, she rewrote the rules of being Queen. It was Leicester's finest hour. Elizabeth I is considered one of the country's most successful and popular monarchs. The people had lived through the unpopular reign of Mary I, known as 'Bloody Mary' for her merciless persecution of Protestants. Fotheringhay 'If I followed the inclination of my nature, it is this,' she said, 'beggar woman and single, far rather than queen and married.'. Similarly Mary would ask after Elizabeth. According to Deadline, Queen Elizabeth recently took in a âprivate viewingâ of The Kingâs Speech, the historical drama showcasing her late father, King George VI, and his struggles with a speech impediment.She apparently âenjoyedâ it and screenwriter David Seidler was thoroughly âhumbledâ with the news. In later years Catherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in the young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards. In 1558 the Protestant preacher John Knox wrote, 'It is more than a monster in nature that a woman should reign and bear empire over man.' Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. The mourning which followed her death was unprecedented. She did not wish to meet the woman she considered her rival, but knew that if she released Mary her own life would be in danger. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. She insisted that she was ‘married’ to her country. Mary was determined to re-establish Catholicism in England and viewed the Protestant Elizabeth as a direct threat. Her young son was crowned James VI on 29 July 1567. Always a popular monarch, and a brilliant public speaker, Elizabeth united the country against this common enemy. Their anxiety amused Elizabeth, and this gave her an excuse to exert her independence every now and then. This was clever talk from the Queen. In 1568 one such problem presented itself to Elizabeth in the shape of Mary Queen of Scots. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. At last Walsingham had proof of her guilt. Lady Jane Grey was Queen for only a matter of days before being toppled and eventually executed. https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ. When Elizabeth was just two years old her mother was beheaded at the Tower of London. She relied upon the ministers close to her but would infuriate them with her indecision - 'It maketh me weary of life,' remarked one. Francis Walsingham, one of Elizabeth's most loyal ministers, was acutely aware of this. Stream original BBC programmes FIRST on BBC iPlayer . But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches and would cause her ministers, particularly the anxious Lord Burghley, sleepless nights. Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way. But life in Tudor England did not always reflect such splendour. As the political landscape in Europe changed, the Queen knew that she would need room to manoeuvre. Alexandra Briscoe has a background in documentary programme-making. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II delivers her annual address in â¦ Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. Worse still, Elizabeth had herself been declared illegitimate in a statute which had never been formally repealed, and knew that many Catholics considered Mary to be the rightful Queen of England. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Britain abolished the old Roman monetary system in 1971, and minted new coins based on the decimal system. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but 1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. The people had enjoyed stable government, and Poor Laws had created a new framework of support for the needy. Protestantism was now firmly established as the country's religion. The Queen cut a "lonely figure" as she marked the centenary of the tomb of the unknown warrior. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I She recognised how important it was to establish a clear religious framework and between 1559 and 1563 introduced the acts which made up the Church Settlement. Queen Elizabeth. With Glenda Jackson, Ronald Hines, Robert Hardy, Stephen Murray. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. But the ability to address a large number of people, from ministers in Parliament to troops on the battlefield, stood Elizabeth in good stead for the future. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. The warrant had been taken to Fotheringhay before she was ready. This was Elizabeth's duty and she should get on with it. Having already shown herself to be a poor judge of character, Mary now made the huge mistake of misjudging Elizabeth. To execute any Queen was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake. She would marry when it was convenient and would thank Parliament to keep out of what was a personal matter. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Queen Mary is still on the throne and with her harsh politics, she excessively pursues the persecution of â¦ Elizabeth, meanwhile, was paralysed by indecision. Mary was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland in 1542, the daughter of James V of Scotland and the French Mary of Guise. But when Elizabeth heard the bells pealing to celebrate the death of Mary Queen of Scots, she was horrified. In the political arena she encouraged the attentions of Henry, Duke of Anjou, and later his brother Francis, Duke of AlenÃ§on, which could form a useful alliance with France against Spain. Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII. Number of people sentenced for offences hits five-year-low By Max Stephens 27 Dec 2020, 12:01am. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed. It was a time of extravagance and luxury in which a flourishing popular culture was expressed through writers such as Shakespeare, and explorers like Drake and Raleigh sought to expand England's territory overseas. Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. That was par for the course. Despite all these tactics Elizabeth was capable of falling in love, and the one who came closest to winning her heart was Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Elizabeth was an instant hit. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. She was nicknamed 'Gloriana' and the 'Virgin Queen' and overcame many challenges at home as well as threats from abroad. Kenilworth Castle For someone who disliked making decisions, this was torture. Lords of the Council - numbering 150 - representatives from the Commonwealth, officials from the City of London - including the Lord Mayor - and other dignitaries witnessed the accession of the deceased king's eldest daughter this morning. However, details of the legacy she left the country are open to interpretation. So was he right? Â Â© But just how close was she to Leicester? The Queen herself was not as sharp as she once had been. Elizabeth was brought up in the care of governesses and tutors at Hatfield House and spent her days studying Greek and Latin with the Cambridge scholar, Roger Ascham. No one told the Queen what to do and, using the skills of rhetoric she had been taught, Elizabeth addressed members of Parliament. Found guilty of treason, Mary was sentenced to death. It took years to prepare for. The scene was one part of a 105-minute color documentary â¦ More than 14 million viewers watched the Queen's message on BBC One, with about five million viewing it on ITV. Whether or not the relationship was ever consummated remains open to speculation. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in King's Lynn, Norfolk, has made improvements but "more work is needed", a report said Improvements have been â¦ She had a close relationship with Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and was not averse to using the promise of marriage for diplomatic purposes, but asserted her independence until the end of her life. The celebrations for the Coronation, two months later, were spectacular. It was not, however, until she married Lord Darnley in July 1565 that things took a turn for the worse. In February 1587 the warrant was finally signed and the execution took place before the Queen could change her mind. For their part, the people were thrilled with their new Queen. Read more. She knew that, in political terms, she needed their support but she also felt a deep sense of responsibility for their welfare. But by now Elizabeth was nearly seventy. Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. Elizabeth had often shied away from making difficult decisions and this had sown the seeds for future conflict, particularly in Ireland. But her fate was sealed when she failed to provide Henry with what he desperately wanted - a son. She was third in line to the throne. Ministers longed for the glory and prestige a visit from the Queen would bestow on them, and would decorate new residences in her honour. Mary was tried for treason and executed in 1587. Walsingham's spies discovered that she was secretly corresponding with a group of Catholic plotters and, having intercepted her letters, they forged a postscript in her hand asking for the identities of those involved. He was soon bewitched by her, arranging to divorce Catherine of Aragon and quickly making Anne his second wife. Yet she declared that she did not want to "make windows into men's souls" and was satisfied as long as her subjects gave an outward show of conformity. She became Queen of Scotland aged only six days following the death of her father, and spent her early childhood with her mother in Scotland. The queen was also keen to be seen by her subjects. Local government was inefficient. Looking remarkably like Queen Anne, Britannia wears a helmet, holds a trident, and rests her hand on a Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. Elizabeth the Queen by Alison Weir (Pimlico, 1999), The Virgin Queen by Christopher Hibbert (Viking, 1990), The Word of a Prince by Maria Perry (The Boydell Press, 1990), Elizabeth: Apprenticeship by David Starkey (Chatto and Windus, 2000), Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I by Roy Strong (Thames and Hudson, 1987), Mary Queen of Scots by Rosalind K Marshall (HMSO, 1991), Tudor England by John Guy, (Oxford University Press, 1988), Elizabethan Essays by Patrick Collinson (Hambledon Press, 1994), Princes, Pastors and People: The Church and Religion in England, 1529 - 1689 by Susan Doran and Christopher Durston (Routledge, 1991), Defeat of the Spanish Armada by Garrett Mattingly (Cape, 1983). As Elizabeth walked along the carpet laid out for her journey to Westminster Abbey, the crowds rushed forward to cut out pieces as souvenirs. BBC Â© 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. Only when the patience of her ministers was running short would she be forced to make up her mind. Francis II reigned for only a few months with Mary as his Queen and, when he died in 1560, Mary was left without a role. She also feared that Mary's relations in Europe would take revenge on England. They had known each other for years, and he was one of the first to be appointed to her Council. It was clear that, as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. And was her success down to her own skill and judgement - or an intuitive grasp of public relations? This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. To Elizabeth, Mary was a fellow Queen. Eventually, sent to stay in the unwelcoming Tutbury Castle, the truth dawned on her. Last updated 2011-02-17. It was a girl, Elizabeth. By pursuing a policy of moderation she was attempting to maintain the status quo and, although Puritans were particularly upset by the continuance of some Catholic traditions, an uneasy compromise was reached and maintained throughout her reign. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation Sunday in a rare televised speech and called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. He had the ear of the Queen and might poison her mind against them. ...the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate... From this point on, events spiralled out of control. When Elizabeth was just two years old, her mother was beheaded for adultery on the orders of her father and she was exiled from court. The Ridolfi Plot of 1571 went further by enlisting Spanish support to depose Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne. Â Â© Mary's execution would be one of the factors contributing to the Spanish Armada the following year. The Virgin Queen is a 2005 BBC and Power co-production, four-part miniseries based upon the life of Queen Elizabeth I, starring Anne-Marie Duff and Tom Hardy as Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Elizabeth's reign also saw England significantly expand its trade overseas and in 1580 Sir Francis Drake became the first Englishman to successfully circumnavigate the earth. Elizabeth I's spymaster Francis Walsingham. However, trouble was never far away. Agnes Brown, who is played by Brendan, was set to have a storyline involving Queen Elizabeth II but at the last minute, the plot changed. But Walsingham had reckoned without the Queen's reluctance to sign the execution warrant. But problems remained. Ignoring the pleas of her advisors Mary managed to escape from Lochleven and, disguised as a man, fled the country. The arts flourished in England during this period as Shakespeare, Spenser and Marlowe created poetry and drama while composers such as Byrd and Tallis worked in Elizabeth’s court. Houses were even converted into the shape of an 'E' to flatter her. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. Now pregnant with Darnley's child she turned for support to her secretary, David Riccio. That is not to say that Elizabeth didn't enjoy the company of men. The country now looked to the young Queen â¦ Elizabeth R was followed by the BBC-RDF documentary Monarchy: The Royal Family at Work in 2007. But Mary was not giving up without a fight. She was well aware that plots were being hatched against her and that she needed the undivided loyalty of those around her as protection. why so many soldiers survived the trenches. By Alexandra Briscoe This was a big mistake. Overnight, old coins became artifacts, such as this Queen Elizabeth II pennyânow more than half a century old. Elizabeth chose an able set of administrators to aid her during her rule, including William Cecil, Lord Burghley as her Secretary of State and Sir Francis Walsingham, in charge of intelligence. This sense of well-being was embodied by Queen Elizabeth who liked to wear sumptuous costumes and jewellery, and be entertained in style at her court. Faced with a dilemma - for example whether or not to sign the execution warrant of Mary Queen of Scots - Elizabeth would busy herself with other matters for months on end. Mary was the granddaughter of Henry VIII's elder sister, Margaret, and so had a claim to the English throne. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. However, in 1586 Walsingham uncovered the Babington plot which implicated Mary directly in a conspiracy to overthrow Elizabeth. She decided to return as Queen to Scotland, agreeing to recognise the Protestant Church as long as she could privately worship as a Catholic. 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