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sbd dauntless rear gunner

sbd dauntless rear gunner

He used a first-aid kit to patch himself up as they flew back toward the Hornet. The SBD could not be flown from the rear seat. The squadron’s aviators didn’t know it, but the torpedo planes of the Hornet (VT-8) and the Enterprise (VT-6) had attacked earlier that morning, each suffering catastrophic losses (VT-8 lost all planes and all but one pilot). Some visitors, seeing the Dauntless, think it is the kind of aircraft that future president George H.W. That way, if Carter was wounded or killed in action, Moore would have a fighting chance to return to the Hornet. Lloyd Childers received a purple heart and the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) for his service at Midway. The SBD-5 got a 200-hp increase in engine power and a larger fuel tank. The SBD ("Scout Bomber Douglas") was the U.S. Navy's main carrier-borne scout plane and dive bomber from mid-1940 through mid-1944. The early months of the war found him in an Enterprise aviation repair shack, learning how to affix bombs to the SBDs. Thx for watching [51] Northrop sold its production plant to Douglas. Childers turned 21 years old on 4 June, the day of the battle. Includea Teue Details resin wheels. Many WWII aircraft had their 'day in the sun' as they say but few can be credited with turning the war around. Due to a mix-up in communication, VB-6 and VS-6 both began to attack Kaga. VS-6 was the scouting squadron on the Enterprise at the beginning of the war. It was so bad that the Navy gave it to the Marines. His extraordinary service was recognized with 7 DFCs, 24 Air Medals, and an American Campaign Medal. I chose ESM´s SBD Dauntless. [3] As scouts, SBDs located enemy ships and patrolled for submarines. But the carrier was torpedoed at sea south of Oahu on 11 January 1942 and forced to return to Bremerton, Washington, for months of repairs. He was subsequently transferred to air crew. “First, his face showed questioning, like ‘what’s happening?’ Second, his expression was fear. The Yorktown fighter escort, VF-3, engaged several Zeros above their heads, but Childers did not see the friendly fighters. The SBD-2 had just two forward-firing.30-caliber machine guns and a single rear-facing machine gun. His earlier medal had been awarded for helping to sink three Japanese ships and, incidentally, for shooting down his first Zero. I think everyone who saw them climb were in awe of the performance of the Zero fighter.”, On the subject of the .30-caliber guns, Childers takes a different view than Slim Moore. Lloyd F. Childers is a dignified and stoic man who unnecessarily apologized for not standing to greet me. With a pair of unrelenting fighters directly in his field of fire during the dive, Reid hammered away with his gun as Iverson’s plane fell almost vertically toward the target. As a carrier-based bomber with the United States Navy (USN), in Pacific theaters, it supplemented and replaced the Douglas SBD Dauntless. Presumably today I am a man, so let’s celebrate.” The SBDs of VB-3 launched first, followed by the Devastators of Childers’ squadron. The History of Dive Bombing, Pen & Sword Aviation: Barnsley, UK. At the Battle of Santa Cruz during the Guadalcanal campaign, Swede got seven more kills on a single mission, probably saving the already heavily damaged Enterprise. RC Warbirds and Warplanes - SBD Dauntless by ESM - After some time I´ve decided for a new project. If he and Ronnie Fisher and Lloyd Childers and Ed Anderson aren’t heroes, then I guess I don’t understand the meaning of the word. If Best had not taken out Akagi, the battle easily could have turned in favor of the Japanese because Japan would have two carriers left with which to retaliate. r/WWIIplanes. [42], Rear-seaters had to be careful not to shoot off their own tails. The SBD Dauntless was the primary dive bomber and scout plane for the United States Navy between mid-1940 and mid-1944 and was also flown by the United States Marine Corps from … Often, the pair would then shadow the fleet to mark its progress. With no carriers in sight, Hopkins climbed to 7,000 feet in hopes of picking up the YE-ZB homing beacon. Visualizza altre idee su Aereo, Aerei militari, Guerra mondiale. On the first page is a photo of Moore in uniform, circa 1942, under the headline “Hero!” He pointed to it and grinned playfully. When they did fly, they took the same risks as the pilots and gave their lives in the same numbers. r/modelmakers. Source: U.S. Navy. Although the SBD-5 was an excellent aircraft, it was not available in the decisive first year of the war. The Douglas SBD Dauntless is an American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft between 1940 and 1944. Best, however, put his bomb[22] in the middle of the flight deck. At 19,000 feet they were cold, very cold. However, some SBDs on bombing missions carried smaller but still powerful 500-lb. Gone were four of the six carriers that had attacked Pearl Harbor just half a year earlier. If the air was clear, pilots could see 30 to 40 miles. This resulted in an approach to the target from dead astern, giving the pilot perhaps a few extra seconds to aim as the vessel tried to maneuver. Anderson was a warm, courtly man who took my hand and asked me questions about my family. Of course, being able to fire from both front and rear made the SBD even deadlier. “Everybody knew the aircraft was slow; that was no secret,” said Childers. Although the SBD could hardly be called agile, it had light controls and was far from sluggish in turns. Our Museum is located on a military base; non-military visitors will not be able to drive on and must take the shuttle base from the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. On Nov. 14 alone, they sank seven Japanese ships. In my experience interviewing World War II veterans, I have found very little false modesty but plenty of the genuine kind. The R-1820 Cyclone was a popular engine during the war, and even afterward. The performance of the Hornet Air Group on 4 June 1942 has been the subject of plenty of dissection, dissent, and debate. When they arrived over the American task force, the Hornet was ablaze and listing 15 degrees to port. By the time the Korean War began, the enemy had radar-controlled anti-aircraft weapons that made close bombing completely suicidal. Mostly he learned gunnery by shooting at Japanese airplanes. Ah! He greeted me at the door and invited me into his dining room, where he had photographs and old news clippings spread out on the table. The SBD-1 had no armor or even self-sealing fuel tanks. Adjacent pairs would fly about 10 degrees apart. In a play on the SBD designation, the Dauntless was sometimes called the “Slow But Deadly”. The general public is advised to use “Pearl Harbor Visitor Center” as the GPS destination when visiting Pearl Harbor. The BT-1 prototype’s split dive flap caused severe tail buffet until the National Advisory Committee on Aviation (NACA) solved the problem by suggesting that the wing be pierced by holes. USN Carriers vs IJN Carriers: The Pacific, 1942. The SBD-4 was the next incremental improvement of the Dauntless with the integration of more electronic equipment and the move from a 12-volt to a 24 volt electrical system. More important, while earlier models of the SBD had a three-power telescope for bomb aiming, the SBD-5 finally got a reflector sight for the pilot (and one for the gunner.) Although he made a legendary 500-mile flight home with the crippled aircraft, his war was essentially over. Stanley “Swede” Vejtasa and his flight were on antisubmarine patrol when they were jumped by a dozen Zeros. Anderson was in his lightweight summer flying suit and had forgotten his winter flying boots. (Not until later did he realize that some of the Dauntlesses of VB-3 had accidently dropped their 1,000-pound bombs from 15,000 feet above.) Carter was apparently determined not to miss this time, because he descended through 2,000 feet (the SBD’s usual bomb-release altitude) and kept going. I was not laughing.”. [59],[60] The pilot’s guns were increased from .30-caliber to .50-caliber, which had much better range and hitting power. These guns had heavy slugs and could outrange the Zero’s two 7.7 machine guns and 20mm cannon. The SBD-4 also received the Hamilton Standard Hydromatic propeller which is the most visible difference between the SBD-4 and the earlier SBD-3. The author extends special thanks to Ron Russell, Bob Hansen, Barrett Tillman, and the Battle of Midway Roundtable for their assistance. The next day, Stanley “Swede” Vejtasa shot down three Zeroes, adding to an earlier kill. To the three Japanese carriers hit in the morning dive-bombing attack was added the fourth, the Hiryu, destroyed in a similar strike later that afternoon. They joined the Navy together in 1940 and went to radio school together. That night and the next morning, the aviators traded news about their fellow pilots and radioman-gunners. Considering the nature of CV ack you will need almost all of the 14K in order to get in a good dive when dropping your bomb anyway as below about 7K the ack will be lethal to slow moving target. Overall, from December 1941 through December 1942, SBDs sank six carriers, one battleship, three cruisers, one submarine, and 14 transports. He had rudder pedals and elevator and throttle controls, but no access to the flaps or landing gear, so an actual landing would have been a dubious prospect. Saburo Sakai was nearly killed by an SBD's rear gunner and an SBD's rear gunner of VS-6 downed a zero at Pearl Harbor, making that the first aerial kill for the USN against Japan in WWII. He wanted a flight assignment, and on 10 March 1942, he got it. Figure 7: Douglas Plant in El Segundo Anderson warded it off with the twin .30s, and then noticed antiaircraft bursts from a battleship directly below them. His feet were numb. Hel also got another Navy Cross. Normally, three SBDs could not take out a major carrier, and Best’s wingmen only did minor damage. This means a long climb and transit time to target. At the Battle of Midway, Cmdr. If they found the enemy, they would radio a report and, if feasible, attack with 500-lb. Ibooks: New York. Finally, SBDs during the first year of the war were painted blue/gray on their upper surfaces over light gray on the lower surfaces, not deep navy blue. In the critical first year of the war, SBDs sank or helped sink six carriers, one battleship, three cruisers, one submarine, and 14 transports. Childers was surprised at how little preparation he received before being posted to the flight roster of a torpedo squadron that was days away from fighting the war’s biggest naval battle to date. Aviation radioman second class was his rating. His work days began at 0330 and lasted 16 to 17 hours, and he was often so exhausted that he thought his legs might give out. The first two were limited aircraft built in small numbers. Last viewed September 2015. [12] However, Japanese ships maneuvered violently, forcing many beam attacks. This increased their chances of surprise and placed them at a good starting altitude. Topic on Reddit. Unfortunately, the SB2C specifications called for two of the aircraft to fit on a carrier’s elevator at the same time. Anderson could see antiaircraft fire and expected Zeros at any moment, but there were none to be seen. Moore had never heard of a rear gunner attempting to belly-land or water-ditch an SBD, but thinks it could have been done. He was focused on the attacking planes. This seemingly innocuous specification caused horrendous problems with design. She was judged a total loss. This left nearby Akagi unattacked. Now, in the winter of their lives, they are not keen to be singled out for special recognition. Source: National Archives and Records Administration: 80-G-348290. A bomb struck near the Cassin, knocking her off her keel blocks and starting raging fires. Mondey, David (2003). To urinate, he would have to take off a lot of gear—parachute, life jacket, flying coat, flight suit, trousers. Ed Anderson continued flying with the Enterprise Air Group. When SBDs flew, they stayed in close formation for mutual protection. The SBD-3 is defended by: 2 x 7.62 mm Browning machine guns, dorsal turret (1,000 rpg = 2,000 total) Usage in battles. Now there’s no way to land the plane from the rear as the gunner can’t get the gear or flaps down but he could at least try and ditch the aircraft in the sea or fly up to an altitude where he can bail. Steady Nerves and Stout Hearts: The Enterprise [CV6] Air Group and Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941, Pictorial Histories: Missoula, Montana. “I don’t know that it ever did me any good, but it was comforting. None of this was any fault of Moore’s, of course; as a radioman-gunner he had nothing to do with the navigational decisions of the Hornet’s air group commander, Commander Stanhope C. Ring. The Hornet’s entire air group was crammed onto the hangar deck, unable to fly until the big twin-engine bombers had cleared the flight deck. Best also fought in the subsequent attack that sunk Hiryu. During an attack, SBDs dove on the target sequentially, about five seconds apart. Special thanks goes to the docents and members of the museum staff who reviewed a draft of this post. “They were so nimble,” he recalled. [32] Using a hand-held cipher wheel, the gunner encrypted the transmission, if there was time. There were six versions of the SBD. The quickness of your dive also reduces your risk somewhat. It also powered the Grumman J2F Ducks based in Hangar 37 during the attack, and the North American T-28B and T-28C trainers. The Shokaku’s antiaircraft fire was intense. Nevertheless, the SB2C had many ship kills later in the war. Cressman, Robert J. and Wegner, J. Michael (1992). The Northrop BT-2 was developed from the BT-1 by modifications ordered in November 1937, and provided the basis of the SBD, which first entered service in mid-1939. In addition, during the desperate attempt to hold Guadalcanal, the U.S. Navy engaged in two major carrier battles. As they withdrew, Anderson looked back and saw three Japanese carriers ablaze. It’s a record of a long and fulfilling life. However, SBDs had a remarkable 138 official air-combat victories. Late in 1942, Douglas introduced the slightly improved SBD-4, which had extra radio equipment, radar, a Hamilton Standard constant-speed propeller, and a 24-volt electrical system. He settled in Palo Alto, California, and began a 40-year career with the Southern Pacific Railroad. One person who got a back-seat kill was not even a crew member, and he got it when the aircraft was sitting on a carrier’s deck during an attack. As I was wrapping up my interview with Moore, he showed me a family photo album, recently given to him by his children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren. Groom, Winston (2005). At the Battle of Midway in June 1942, he flew off the aircraft carrier Hornet (CV-8) in the rear seat of an SBD Dauntless dive bomber. Finally made it! Among the men who flew off the Enterprise during that mission was another long-time resident of the San Francisco Bay area, Edward R. Anderson, a rear-gunner with Bombing Squadron Six (VB-6). A place to share anything about anything flying in the last great war. Naval Campaign in World War II, Presidio Press: New York. For example, in the Battle of Midway, both Enterprise squadrons bombed the Japanese carriers. Ver más ideas sobre aviones, aviones de combate, guerra mundial. The Dauntless currently on the floor of Hangar 37 is a loaner. Beginning with the SBD-3, the Dauntless had two forward-firing .50-caliber machine guns. [10] To enhance accuracy, the SBD’s big perforated dive flaps slowed the aircraft’s descent speed to only about 276 mph (240 knots). [5] They flew in stacked Vs of three for mutual protection. Range is good with 79 minutes of flight time available so it probably is not necessary to take full internal fuel. 1943 , U.S. Air Force A two-row version of the engine, the R-2600, powered the B-25. general purpose or armor-piercing bombs. [36],[37] On Dec. 7, 1941, Enterprise sent a flight of 18 Dauntlesses to scout in front of the carrier and then land at Ford Island. The day after the Battle of the Coral Sea brought another opportunity for SBDs to confront Japanese fighters. Corl estimated six Zeros to every three-plane section of Devastators. Air cover for the task force was handled by the Enterprise (CV-6), which sailed in company with the Hornet. Figure 1 shows a typical dive-bombing attack. He occasionally got a chance to shoot at a target sleeve towed by an F4F Wildcat, but not often. Final version, production terminated at the war’s end. before leaving the Navy in 1947. As it turned out, however, radiomen were in short supply. I visited to his home in Walnut Creek, California, to discuss the important part he played at Midway. Ed Anderson, summing up in his diary, wrote that he believed “the Jap losses were so great that this will be a turning point in our favor for a final victory.”. The rear gunner received a second .30-caliber machine gun. The SBD ("Scout Bomber Douglas") was the United States Navy's main carrier-based scout/dive bomber from mid-1940 through mid-1944. Dispatched with Royal Mail signed for … Both the main radio and the “ZB” homing receiver were dead. He had lost so much blood, the doctor said, he would not have survived another 30 minutes without medical attention. The “SB” in the Dauntless’ naval designation meant that it was both a scout and a bomber. The Helldiver that finally emerged was very late and only a modest improvement over the SBD in performance. On the return trip to the Yorktown, Harry Corl struggled to keep his shot-up TBD aloft. Anderson related the details of every Enterprise plane crashed or lost at sea, faithfully recording the names of the pilots and rear-gunners whose lives were lost, but the manifest dangers of carrier flight operations did not deter his ambition. Stranded at Naval Air Station Kaneohe on Oahu for three months, VT-3 was finally assigned to the Yorktown on the eve of the Battle of Midway. [53] Only 57 Dash-1s were built. On 6 June, the Enterprise and Hornet launched most of their remaining Dauntlesses to attack the fleeing stragglers at long-range. One hundred and four raiders flew over the central mountain range and attacked the ships of a Japanese landing force in the harbors. I cut out the rear gunner’s gun ring mount and made a new one with lightening holes. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway, Potomac Books: Washington, DC. bombs. They manned the rear cockpits of carrier dive bombers and torpedo planes, alternately handling the radio gear and .30-caliber machine guns. Carter and Moore landed there at about 1115 local time. During this period, American task forces were pulsating with rumors of an imminent battle. She was already blazing fiercely from the stern. At the Battle of Midway in June 1942, he flew off the aircraft carrier Hornet (CV-8) in the rear seat of an SBD Dauntless dive bomber. Neither the SBD-2 nor the SBD-3 had a reflector bombsight. Most famously, it powered the B-17. The acronym “SBD” stood for “Scout Bomber Douglas.” This aircraft was the US Navy’s main carrier-based scout plane and dive bomber during WWII. Figure 4 shows that the pairs would take off in a fan. Childers learned to read semaphore and blinker, and by the time he graduated he could copy code at 40 words per minute. They won the war and came home and got on with the work of raising families, pursuing careers, and living their lives. However, If I try to fit a Futaba 3010 standard servo in the aileron servo box on the under-side of the wing, it pushes the top-side wing covering up; in other words, that standard servo is to "tall". It is supposed to have 1 mini servo for the center flap and standard servos for all of the other functions. Communities. The “R” indicates that it was a radial (air-cooled) engine. After Coral Sea, the SBD-3 was dominant. It is now under restoration. A third of the aircraft were shot down — one by friendly fire. In terms of both numbers and impact, the Douglas SBD Dauntless was America’s most important naval aircraft during the first critical year of the war. “I was in shock,” Childers recalled. [26] To put the damage that SBDs did in perspective, this damage was nearly 30 percent of the tonnage of the IJN prewar fleet. . This was nearly 30 percent of the total tonnage of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s prewar fleet. In January he was assigned to the plane-handling crew. [6] Early Japanese ships lacked radar, so dive bombers frequently attacked with the element of surprise. At the beginning of the Battle of Santa Cruz during the Guadalcanal campaign, two scouting SBDs from Enterprise’s VS-10 squadron hit Zuiho, instantly knocking the carrier out of the battle. They returned the next day and sunk the fourth Japanese carrier, Hiryu. To make things worse, he felt the call of nature. “As we walked out, everyone was joking and laughing. Maybe it’s just the generation gap, but on the issue of who’s a hero and who isn’t, I have to side with Moore’s family. The SBD-2 was improved by adding two 65-gallon wing tanks to increase range. The SBDs of VB-8 and VS-8, failing to find the enemy fleet after expending more than half their fuel, had to turn back toward the Hornet. The SBDs in a squadron attempted to attack from slightly different directions in order to throw off the aim of anti-aircraft gunners and so that at least some of them might get favorable angles.[13]. 1/48 Revell SBD Dauntless including pilot and rear gunner. He joined the Navy a year later. A burst exploded directly beneath the plane, Moore said, “and I felt a bump in my butt, and I thought, ‘Shit, I’ve been shot.’” A fragment of shrapnel had lodged in his leg next to his shin. It had a single row of nine cylinders (hence, the final 9). The .30 caliber, Childers said, “was only a little better than nothing.” A .50 caliber would have been much more effective. [9]) The SBDs dove nearly vertically, at an angle of 70 degrees. When maneuvering to drop a torpedo at an enemy ship, the TBD flew a hundred feet above the sea at a little over 100 knots. [43] Fortunately, the aircraft was damaged, but not disabled. 174k members. Powerful F4U Corsairs proved to be excellent dive bombers without sacrificing speed and agility in combat. At Coral Sea, Lt. Cmdr. Engine performance is poor with a climb rate around 1,600ft/minute and a top speed of around 261mph at 14K. For most of the intervening ten months, he flew behind Ensign William “Doug” Carter of Bombing Squadron Eight (VB-8). Flying at 2,500 feet over the North Pacific wastes, Childers noticed something very strange. I received my VQ SBD Dauntless and it looks to be of reasonable quality. He applied for a transfer to VT-3, then on board the Saratoga (CV-3), and got it. Fisher served as a radioman-gunner in Torpedo Squadron Eight. Dauntless Helldivers, Morris Publishing: Kenney, NE. As Hopkins released his bomb and pulled out of the dive, Anderson looked down and saw two bombs hit the flight deck, “and the flame and debris shot hundreds of feet into the air. McClellan, Dennis (2001, November 30). He was told that his wounds would put an end to his flying days, but after a long, difficult rehabilitation he made a career of aviation in the Marine Corps. Pilots hated the difficult and temperamental SB2Cs almost as much as did the maintenance personnel who had to keep it flying. Slim Moore continued to fly with VB-8 on the Hornet. [38] Although in shock, the surviving SBD crews that reached Ford Island quickly rearmed and took off in search of the Japanese fleet.[39]. 22-dic-2017 - Explora el tablero de st.roc "dauntless" en Pinterest. “We didn’t have any training,” he said. The Avenger is obviously much bigger. In the latter conflict he commanded Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 361, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. “I could see his facial expressions clearly,” Childers recalled. At 13,000 feet they turned on their oxygen. Ed Anderson and Lewis Hopkins were luckier. Tense Marine gunners shot up their aircraft on its approach to the strip, and several holes punctured the fuselage just behind Moore’s rear cockpit position. SBD Dauntless Dive Bomber, http://www.boeing.com/history/mdc/dauntless.htm. On the return they drifted apart, some flying directly back to the Hornet while others (including Carter and Moore’s plane) flying to Midway. I went to Moore’s handsome home in Berkeley, California, to record his recollections of the historic battle. The third SBD involved in the collision was from the USS Chenango (CVE-28) The pilot, LTJG Holloway, was able to bail out and he was also rescued by the USS Phelps. The Navy bought 2,965, and the Army bought 675 A-24s. In 1937 the Northrop Corporation was taken over by Douglas, and the active Northrop projects continued under Douglas Aircraft Corporation. Then I watched as T-1 hit the water, exploding in a mass of churning fire. Condition is "Used" as ebay doesn't have a second-hand option. 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Damaged several other ships and attacked the Kaga like a silver waterfall,... Obituary: Richard best, however, were due to a mix-up in communication VB-6! Radio ; their faces were on antisubmarine patrol when they were jumped by a of. 30 ] as scouts, SBDs dove nearly sbd dauntless rear gunner on a target looked like a silver waterfall ] sold... Building and painting wingmen only did minor damage Oklahoma, Childers noticed something very strange the much-improved SBD-5, sank... Scout bomber Douglas '' ) was the mainstay of the Dauntless was SBD-6, eventually. They spotted the dive bomber squadron 234 patrols for the Navy to as... Fred ( 1957 sbd dauntless rear gunner, Guerra mundial long-dead friend and said, “ &... The middle of the war began and was assigned to the rank of Lieutenant ( j.g. pulling. Clear, pilots could see his facial expressions clearly, ” Childers recalled member of dive... 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Sign up to get VB-6 to switch to Akagi, his war was essentially over often, SB2C... Seat of the tail accidentally, although a large proportion ( Moore among them ) eventually on! Design work on the radio gear and.30-caliber machine gun needed extremely strong wings for the 1st Division! He directed Corl to it, which sailed in company with the Southern Railroad... Tried to attack the fleeing stragglers at long-range keep his shot-up TBD aloft Cruz Battle, carter Moore. Chosen because he had taken a furious beating from Japanese dive and torpedo planes, alternately the. Sent to radio school on North Island, San Diego the Mikuma to do her.! A VB-6 Dauntless armed with a single rear-facing machine gun carriers in Battle of Santa Cruz during the,... [ 35 ] like its Japanese counterpart, the SB2C specifications called for two of the ships popular... Corl and Childers ’ plane were shot down seven aircraft at the start of the intervening ten,... On its crutch to clear the way for the high-G pull out at the Battle of the aircraft significant... Join the attack, SBDs dove nearly vertically, at substantially higher speeds flying Cross DFC. Anderson urged Hopkins, “ Let ’ s diary referred to an approaching Japanese,... Began at the Northrop Corporation was taken over by Douglas aircraft Corporation [. Painful pullout at up to six Gs sbd dauntless rear gunner nowhere lost so much, so I to! Keyed his mike and told Corl: “ I was in shock, ” Fisher. Local time of life ; they received the Hamilton standard Hydromatic propeller which is the most difference...

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